Indonesian Translation Services
Whether you are looking for Indonesian or Bahasa Indonesian translation for something technical, legal or medical, or simply a letter, we can help you.
Lingua Translations is well known for its quality-driven Indonesian translation services. We will equip you with knowledge and methods, enabling you to communicate in the correct written form of Indonesian from Indonesia or even Australia, we can help. Remember not to pick the wrong one!
We offer a professional French to Indonesian and English to Indonesian language translation service, amongst others. Here is some information which you will find useful as the Indonesian language is full of interesting facts and essential tips when you are looking to communicate effectively in Indonesian speaking countries.
Location: South-eastern Asia, Archipelago between Pacific and Indian Oceans.
Population: 252 million
Language Family: Malayo-Polynesian, part of Austronesian language family
Related Languages: Khmer, Mon, Chinese, French
Number of Global Speakers: 68 million native speakers and close to 100 million worldwide.
- About Indonesian
Bahasa Indonesia meaning ‘language of Indonesia’ and commonly known in the English speaking world as Indonesian, only became the official language of the country in 1949 when the Netherlands ceded power over the country after two hundred years of ruling. That said, Indonesian had been spoken for centuries but simply had not been officially recognised up until then. Indonesian is a standardised dialect.
Indonesia is an archipelago combining 17,000 islands. Of these 17,000 islands, 8,000 are inhabited. Although Indonesian is the official language, the fact that the country is made up of so many islands means that more than 300 minority languages are spoken. Indonesia is the world’s fourth most populated country and is a melting pot of culture, biodiversity (2nd highest in the world), landscape and foods and each island has its own unique identity. Indonesia has the largest Muslim population in the world. It has South East Asia’s largest economy and is a leading economy within the G20.
There are four main dialects which vary according to geographical location:
Northern dialect: Malay, spoken in Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei.
Southern dialect: Indonesia
Western dialect: Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Salawesi
Eastern dialect: north of Sulawesi, Maluka islands, Timor, Flores and Western New Guinea
The Indonesian language over history has been influenced by other languages and many loan words can be found in the Indonesian vocabulary from Dutch, Chinese, Portuguese, Persian, Arabic and Sanskrit.
- Loanwords in Indonesian:
Sanskrit : Arabic : Persian:
Agama – religion halal – lawful bandar – port
Dharma – duty dunia – world piyama – pajamas
Guru – teacher maaf – sorry pahlawan – hero
Nama – name sabtu – Saturday pesona – charm
Dutch : Chinese :
Administrasi – administration bakmie – meat noodle
Arde – ground tahu – tofu
Bruder – Roman Catholic Friar the – tea
Mantel – coat tionghoa – Chinese
Bendera – flag kudeta – coup d’état
Biola – violin
Nona – young woman
Meja – table
- English Loanwords:
The majority of loanwords in Indonesian from English are as a result of advances in modern day technology. Other areas where many English words feature are in sports and musical and entertainment. A lot of the time the words are identically spelt, particularly in terms of technology. The words which have an Indonesian spelling to them are still easily deduced in English.
Gosip – gossip
Buka – book
Akademisi – academic
Teknisi – technician
Computer – computer
Teknologi informasi – information technology
Bend – band
Music – music
Televisi – television
Basket – basketball
Bola – ball
Kontes – contest
Kiper – goalkeeper
- Why choose Lingua Translations?
As can be seen Indonesian is a highly complex language and requires translation professionals who are native speakers of the language and fully understand every single linguistic and cultural nuance, to ensure that each word is perfect and that the pitch, tone and register of the finished product conveys your message exactly as it was originally intended.
We only work with in-country Indonesian translators who have at least five years of professional translating experience and are degree qualified. Our professional translation services will help you to make your voice heard in the Southeast Asian markets.
- Differences between English and Indonesian:
Verbs: Indonesian uses specific markers such as adverbs to communicate time/tense as the verbs do not conjugate, unlike English which has different verb endings to express time and tense.
Gender: There is no grammatical gender in Indonesian – the same word is used for ‘he’ and ‘she’ and ‘him’ and ‘her’, however there are some words which have a gender and these words tend to be as a result from other languages, for example words such as son or daughter. Because there is no gender, nouns do not have a plural form or as is the case in Romance languages, a masculine and feminine and masculine/feminine plural form. So how are plural forms expressed in Indonesian? Generally by repeating the word twice.
Different pronouns are used to communicate in formal and informal situations. These are widely respected and are expected to be adhered to. For example in a formal situation rather than using the 2nd personal pronoun, personal names or titles will be used instead.
Word order can vary in terms of the emphasis put on the new information communicated in the sentence. In these scenarios this information will come first. Adjectives will come before the noun but quantifiers generally precede the noun.