History of the English Language

Published 31st August 2010
post thumbnail

The English language derivThe history of the English language by Lingua Translationses from the West Germanic languages that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England with the arrival of the three Germanic tribes; the Angles, the Saxons and Jutes in the 5th Century A.D.

The Angles came from Englaland and their language was called Englisc – from which the words England and English are derived. The English language developed over three main periods in history and were accordingly named.

These were:

Old English (450-1100 AD)
also known as Anglo-Saxon was an early form of the English Language which in Britain developed into what is now known as Old English. Although completely different from the English spoken today, about half of the most commonly used words in Modern English have Old English roots. One of the most famous works of Anglo-Saxon literature written in Old English is the heroic epic poem, Beowulf.

Middle English (1100-1500)
came into existence when England was invaded by William the Conqueror, the Duke of Normandy (part of modern France). Their rule was characterised by a linguistic class division as the language the French brought by them became the language of the Royal Court. The upper classes spoke French while the lower classes spoke English. This resulted in the creation of the Chancery standard, a form of London-based English. In the 14th century, English regained its predominance in Britain but with the addition of many French words. Middle English was the language of the great poet Chaucer.

Modern English
has been spoken since the Great Vowel Shift in England in approximately 1550. It is distinguished by a shortening of vowels which meant a sudden and distinct change in pronunciation. With the colonisation of many countries, Britain had contact with many peoples all around the world. Thus many new words and phrases entered the language. The advent of printing brought the language to the masses and was responsible for the standardization of English.

If you want to know more about the history of English, see you next week!

SaveSave

SaveSave

disney-institute-lingua-translations 178 × 75
amazon-lingua-translations 120 × 28
procter-gamble - Lingua Translations 114 × 92
london-partners-lingua-translations 154 × 101
Swansea City | Lingua Translations 154 x 146
Man City | Lingua Translations 154 × 154
FC_Barcelona_(crest) 154 × 156
Star_Wars_Logo.svg_-1 1280 × 773
FiFA | lingua Translations 154 × 86
The-Score 232x120
M & S 271 × 186
Walmart-Lingua Translations 232 × 65
Welsh Government & Lingua Translations 400 × 400
Costco & Lingua Translations 232 × 155

 

TUI-Group Testimonial 205 × 46 EN

Ian Chapman – Director of Holiday Experience –

“Lingua Translations provides instant multi-lingual options for TUI’s 24/7 Holidayline, so 24 hours a day, 365 days of the year TUI’s customers are connected to an interpreter instantaneously. This service is designed to help holidaymakers who find themselves in difficulty and require non-English language assistance.

The service offered by Lingua Translations provides us with instant translation for every destination we travel to, and has proved invaluable.”

Do you know how many different languages Ed Sheeran has sung in?

It’s no secret that Ed Sheeran wrote his latest album while traveling the world and soaking up different cultures and styles of music. But he went further than that. He also isn’t afraid to delve into the world of languages either. What’s most impressive is his commitment to getting the foreign lyrics and their pronunciation …

Read More

International French Fries Day

Today is one of the best day of the year: the international French Fries Day. But let’s find out something about most people’s favourite guilty pleasure. Apparently, French fries are not French at all. Their origin can be tracked back to Belgium, where potatoes were allegedly being fried in the late-1600s. The legend says that …

Read More
Get a quote today