Today, over 200 years ago, the Mexican Revolution began.
Conflict began on 20th of November 1910, with an uprising led by Francisco I. Madero against long time autocrat Profirio Diaz, and lasted for the best part of a decade until around 1920. Over time the revolution changed from a revolt against the established orders to a civil war. This conflict is often categorized as the most important socio-political event in Mexico and one of the greatest upheavals of the 20th century.
The predecendants of the conflict refer to the situation in Mexico under President Diaz, who headed the country’s exercise of dictatorial manner. This situation lasted for another 30 years, during which Mexico experienced significant economic growth and political stability. During the first 20th century several crises broke out; reflecting the growing discontent in some sectors under the power of Diaz.
In 1911 new elections were held and Francisco I. Madero was elected as president. From the beginning of his mandate there were differences amongst revolutionary leaders, which provoked the uprising of Zapata and Orozco against the Maderista government. In 1913 there was a coup. The military uprising ended with the assassination of Madero.
We do not know the exact date when the revolutionary process finished. Some people believe that it ended in 1917 with the proclamation of the Mexican Constitution, others think that it ended in 1920 with the Huerta government and some people think that it ended in 1924 with the government of Elias Calles.
The anniversary of the beginning of the Mexican Revolution – the Día de la Revolución is marked every year on the 20th of November. There are parades and civic ceremonies throughout the country. In Mexico City there is a large parade, as well as speeches and official ceremonies. Throughout Mexico, schoolchildren dress as revolutionaries and participate in local parades.
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